Types of Skin Cancer
- Basal Cell Carcinoma. Also called Rodent Ulcer this form of skin cancer usually appears on the face above a line drawn from corner of mouth to ear lobe although it can appear any where on the body. Typically it appears as a small red raised lesion with cratered centre and pearly rolled edges. It is not an aggressive cancer but will eventually invade underlying structures if left untreated.
- Squamous Cell Carcinoma. This typically appears on the lower lip of a smoker as an ulcerative hard lesion. It grows quite rapidly and can spread via the lymph drainage system to distant structures. It is, if not treated potentially lethal.
- Malignant Melanoma. This form of skin cancer usually starts out as ordinary moles that change in colour and character for light brown to dark brown to black. Occasionally they change to red or pale pink and these are the most maligned forms of skin cancer that can rapidly spread to other parts of the body. Sometimes also, a malignant melanoma has a red “halo” surrounding it but the single most important feature is CHANGE in any mole.
What are the causes of skin cancers?
All skin cancers appear on an area of the body that is or has been exposed to sunlight. Getting severely sunburned as a child is never good and can lead to skin cancer much later in life.
Other causes of skin cancer are genetic factors, tobacco usage and chronic irritation as for example that caused by pipe smoking giving rise to Squamous cell carcinoma..
What are the treatments of skin cancer?
The treatment of melanoma and basal cell carcinoma are surgical excision followed by radiation and/or chemotherapy depending on the pathology findings in the surrounding tissues. The treatment of Squamous cell carcinoma is usually radiation with or without subsequent surgical excision depending on spread.
If you are worried about a skin lesion that has appeared on your face or body and are wondering if it might be skin cancer then perhaps we can give you some guidance if you provide us with a good quality HD photograph. We are a team of doctors offering an Online Medical Consultation service. This service is fast, affordable, private and amazingly stress free.