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Common Medical Terms

Ultrasound Examination

An ultrasound is a diagnostic device that allows for the three dimensional real-time visualization of distant bodily parts and organs. Today ultrasound machines are laptop sized.

Ultrasound works by firing a rapid succession of sounds at the focal point that needs examination. As this sound reverberates back in an echo like fashion, the ultrasound machine can read them and convert them into a picture on a screen. Ultrasound is totally non-evasive and painless.

Treponema pallidum

Treponema pallidum is the name of the causative organism of syphilis. It has a characteristic pale colour (pallidum) and spiral shape. It belongs to a small group of bacteria called spirochaets. Nasty as it may be in appearance it is nonetheless very ameniable to treatment with antibiotics.


Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease or infection. It develops in three phases over a lifetime if not treated. In its final stage, when it affects the brain, it may be fatal. Caught in time syphilis is readily treated with antibiotics.



Stress is your body’s normal response to life’s pressures. In moderation stress is probably no harm. It excess though, stress can be very damaging to your health even to the point of shortening your life. If your are suffering from chronic stresses then I beg you; please do something about it now before it’s too late.


Sexually Transmitted Disease. This is now more properly referred to as STI or Sexually Transmitted Infection. This group of diseases is spread through sexual activity. The old term for these diseases was “venereal disease”. Syphilis, gonorrhoea, chlamydia, herpes and HIV are all example of STD’s

Spinal column

Spinal column This refers to your “back bone” and consists of a series of bony unites called vertebrae each joined and articulating with its neighbour above and below. The spinal column also houses your spinal cord in a bony canal running its full length.

Skin Cancer

Types of Skin Cancer

  • Basal Cell Carcinoma. Also called Rodent Ulcer this form of skin cancer usually appears on the face above a line drawn from corner of mouth to ear lobe although it can appear any where on the body. Typically it appears as a small red raised lesion with cratered centre and pearly rolled edges. It is not an aggressive cancer but will eventually invade underlying structures if left untreated.

Sebaceous Cyst

The base of all hair follicles is supplied with an oily substance called sebum. This is carried from a sebaceous gland to the base of the hair follicle via a sebaceous duct. When a sebaceous duct becomes blocked the gland swells up and becomes infected. This is then referred to as sebaceous cyst.


Schizophrenia is a major mental disorder in which the sufferer’s mind and emotions are in constant turmoil making it impossible for them to distinguish the real from the unreal, to engage meaningfully, socialise or enjoy life.

The cause of schizophrenia is unknown but it does appear to have a strong familial link and certain street drugs may also have a bearing. 40% of those suffering from schizophrenia will have the onset of early symptoms before the age of 19 years and all in all it affects 1% of the population.

Salivary Gland

Under your chin (submandibular) and on the side of your face (parotid gland) are distributed salivary glands. These create saliva which aids in the digestive process of foods. The saliva is drained into your mouth via salivary ducts.